KERALA (Malayalam: കേരളം, Keralam) has its own traditions and culture. Kerala is the most attracted tourist destination with its beaches, hill stations, backwaters, bird and wild life sancturies etc. Kerala is blessed with its variety of flora and fauna. Kerala festivals are attracting many tourists. Kerala is the first 100% literate state in India. The Kerala cinema is always a symbol for quality movies. In literary field also Kerala is blessed with so many legends.
Kerala’s Kathakali is a stylized classical Indian dance-drama noted for the attractive make-up of characters, elaborate costumes, detailed gestures and well-defined body movements presented in tune with the anchor playback music and complementary percussion. Kerala’s Kalaripayattu is one of the oldest fighting systems in existence. Kalaripayattu includes strikes, kicks, grappling, preset forms, weaponry and healing methods..
Kerala is one of the top tourist destinations in the world and probably one of the greenest place in the world with most comfortable climatic conditions. Kerala with Arabian sea on one side western Ghat’s in the eastern side with 44 rivers flowing though the heart of Kerala, with beautiful blue beaches, backwaters, hill stations, exotic wildlife, mangrove forest, breathtaking waterfalls makes kerala The God’d Own Country. Kerala’s climatic condition and abundance of herbs makes it the ideal place for Ayurveda- the traditional treatment methodology for healthy living and rejuvenation, Kerala is famous for its Ayurvedic treatments. Visitors can have Ayurvedic treatments and rejuvenation Ayurvedic therapy’s from approved resorts and rejuvenation centers for Ayurvedic treatments. The monsoon season is considered as the best season for Ayurvedic treatments.
The name Keralam means- the land of Kera ( coconut tree), the state has a never ending array of coconut palms and sun kissed beaches, Misty mountains of Western Ghats , the fragrance of spices , wild life, mangrove forest and the thousand of art forms like Kathakali, Koodiyattam, Theyyam etc of offers a lot for the visitors..
Kerala is one of the smallest states in the Indian union. Its area 38.855 square kilometers is just 1.3 percent of the total area of India. The land of India comprises the narrow coastal strip bounded by the Western Ghats n the east and the Arabian Sea on the west. In the words of Sreedhara Menon “Its unique geographical position and peculiar physical features have invested Kerala with a distinct individuality.” Hence it has played a vital role in the commercial and cultural history of India. Kerala has been describes “as the favorite child of nature.” Like Kashmir in the north, Kerala in the south is famous for its breath-taking natural beauty. With its evergreen mountains, dense forests stately palms, swift flowing rivers, extensive backwaters and blue lagoons, it looks like a fairyland. This atmosphere of beauty and peace has nurtured religion and art in Kerala and enabled her to become a precious gem in the necklace of Indian culture. Indian poets of eminence have showered their praises for the abundance of its peppers, the fragrance of its sandal and the wealth of its coconuts. No part of India is so widely known or has played so important a part in world history as Kerala.
Physical features demarcate the state into three natural divisions. They are the lowland adjoining the sea, the midland consisting of the undulating country east of the lowlands and the forest -clad highland on the extreme east. The lowland bordering the sea is dotted with innumerable coconut palms and the expansive stretches of paddy crops. The midland regions comprise valleys, punctuated here and there by isolated hills. This rich and fertile region bears the largest extent of agricultural crops. The Western Ghats which range along the eastern border constitute the highland. They form a natural wall of protection to the state. Extensive tea and cardamom plantation dominate the higher elevations; while ginger, rubber, pepper, and turmeric flourish at the lower elevations. The hilly portion is broken up by long spurs, deep savines, dense forests and tangles jungles.
Geographical Isolation: The geographical position of Kerala as a narrow strip of land ensconced between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats has considerably influenced the course of its history. From the dawn of history it has created a kind of insularity. As a result, Kerala seldom felt the impact of many foreign invasions which had ravaged North India form time to time. Owing to this insularity, it took nearly two centuries for Buddhism to reach Kerala. She also evolved “its own way of life and social institutions unhampered by excessive interference from outside. Long ago in the mists of time as it were, Lord Vishnu descended from the heavens in his incarnation of Parashuram. After slaying the evil kings 21 times over to repeal their force from earth, he did penance for waging the terrible war, and threw his axe into the sea. The area where the axe land- ed, from shaft to blade, rose from the sea as Kerala, a land of plenty and prosperity. Its geographical position has been responsible too for Kera- la’s historic ebb and flow. The strip of land found a natural defense in the hills that sealed off one longitudinal section, leaving it open to access from the sea alone. Sea trade started with the Phoenicians, and in 1000 BC Kerala was visited by King Solomon’s ships that travelled to `Ophir’ in all probability the modern Puvar, south of Trivandrum. Then followed the galleys of other far-off countries : Greece, Rome, Arabia, China. A fresh wave of trading history started with the Europeans..